广东快乐十分走势图

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关于“一干两蔓羽毛形”猕猴桃整形修剪技术问答

关于“一干两蔓羽毛形”猕猴桃整形修剪技术问答

发布日期:2017-11-08 作者:李洪 点击:

关于“一干两蔓羽毛形”红心猕猴桃苗整形修剪技术问答


1、 HONGXINMIHOUTAOMIAO :YIGANLIANGMANBIAOZHUNSHUXINGDANGNIANSHANGJIAHOUZAIHECHUZHAIXIN,SHENMESHIHOUZHAIXINWEIYI?

一般针对中等偏旺树势要求主干长至架面(中间铁丝)以上20cm时,也就是主干长出架面高于架面20cm时,在架下至少30cm处剪截。因摘心后主干还要上长,如果分支点过高,不利于一干两蔓标准树形形成,因此,现在调整为长出架面,再在架下剪头。

微信图片_20171108122032.jpg


2、为什么强调“一干两蔓”树形架下主蔓分支点降低?


广东快乐十分走势图TONGGUOSHIJIANGUANCHA,YIGANLIANGMANBIAOZHUNSHUXING,FENZHIDIANYUEDI(JIAMIANYIXIA30cmYIXIA)YOULIYULIANGGEZHUMANJIAOCHAFANFANGXIANGQIANYINBANGMAN,GAIBIANLEGUOQUZHUMANFENZHIDIANJULIJIAMIANGUOJINBULIYUFANFANGXIANGJIAOCHADEBIDUAN。

微信图片_20171108122047.jpg


3、怎样避免“一干两蔓”树形主蔓型年中下部不萌发侧枝,形成光干蔓?


广东快乐十分走势图ZAISHIJIANZHONGTONGGUOGUANCHA,ZHUMANSHANGJIAHOUYANZHONGJIANTIESIBANGFUHOUYANZHANGSHENGZHANG,WULUNZAISHANGJIADANGNIAN,HAISHIDIERNIANZUIYICHUXIANZHUMANZHONGXIABUBUFACEZHI,BULIYUJIAXINGPEIYANG。JIYUCI,WOZHANGQIGUANCHALEXINXILANYIGANLIANGMANDONGJIANHOUYINIANJIEGUOMUZHISHANGSUOYOUYAJIHUQUANBUMENGFA,TONGGUOZIXIYANJIU,YUZHUMANSHANGDEJIEGUOMUZHIQIANYINCHANRAOSHANGJIA(TAXINGHUORENZIXINGQIANYINJIA)YOUGUAN,JIUSHIZHITIAOTONGGUOYANSHENGZINISHIZHENFANGXIANGCHANRAOSHANGZHANG,ZAIMEIGECHANRAODAWANCHUXINGCHENGYIGEDINGDUANYOUSHI,DUIYUSHENGZHANGSUJILEIJINERCUJINLAINIANYATIMENGFAYOUMINGXIANDECUJINZUOYONG。YINCI,JIEYONGZHEIGEYUANLI,JIANGSHANGJIADEZHUMANRENWEIJINXINGYANZHONGJIANTIESICHANRAOYANZHANGSHENGZHANG,JIUKEJIEJUELAINIANCEZHIBUFA,BIMIANGUANGTUIZHIXINGCHENG。




4.“YIGANLIANGMAN”BIAOZHUNSHUXINGDANGNIANSHANGJIAHOUYIJIHOUXUGUANLIZHONGDEGUANJIANDIANSHISHENME?


XUDUONONGHUZAIPEIYANGYIGANLIANGMANSHUXINGSHI,WEISHENMEHUIBANTUERFEI,HUOZHEZHONGTU“ZOUYANG”,ZHUYAOYUANYINSHIMEIYOUJISHIQINGLI“BAMENZHI”HUO“KABOZHI”SUOZHI,SHIYUANBENJIHUADEYIGANLIANGMANSHUXINGZUIHOUPEIYANGCHENGDANGANSANXINGJIEGOU。YOUYUYIGANLIANGMANSHUXINGJIAXIAJIANTOUHOUZHUMANXINGCHENG,ZAILIANGGEZHUMANSHANGJIAHOU,HUIZAIZHUGAN、LIANGGEZHUMANHEZHONGJIANTIESIXINGCHENGYIGEDAOSANJIAOXINGQUYU,TEBIESHIBUJINXINGZHUMANJIAOCHADEYIGANLIANGMANSHUXING,DAOSANJIAOXINGFEICHANGMINGXIAN,ZAIZHEIGESANJIAOQUYOUYUGEZHONGYUANYINJIYIFASHENG“MAOTIAO”XIANXIANG,ZHEIJIUSHIWOMENJINGCHANGSHUODE“KABOZHI”HE“BAMENZHI”,ZHEIXIEZHITIAOMENGFAHOUDUIZHUMANDEYANZHANGSHENGZHANGHEZHUMANSHANGCEZHIDEMENGFAYOUYIDINGDEYIZHI,BULIYIGANLIANGMANSHUXINGJIEGOUDEKUAISUPEIYANG。YINCI,PEIYANGYIGANLIANGMANSHUXINGDEGUANJIANJIUSHIJISHIQINGCHU“SANJIAOQU”DE“KABOZHI”HUO“BAMENZHI”(DAIXU)。

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 5.如何处理或对待“一干两蔓”树形生长季节翌年结果母枝(更新枝)大量萌发侧枝?


广东快乐十分走势图SHENGZHANGJIJIEZHUMANSHANGHUOZHUMANZHOUWEIDEGENGXINZHI(YINIANJIEGUOMUZHI)YINPINZHONGTEXING(RUMEIWEIXIXUXIANGPINZHONG,ZHONGHUAXIHUANGJINGUOPINZHONG)HUOSHENGZHANGSHI(YANGFENGUOSHENG,SHUSHIGUOWANG)JIYIMENGFADALIANGXIASHAOHUOQIUSHAO,ERZHEIXIEMENGFADEZHITIAOBENYINGZAIYINIANCHUNMENGFA,JIEGUOTIQIANMENGLECHULAI,DUICI,ZHONGZHIZHEJINGCHANGJIUJIE。JIEJUETUJINGYOUERFANGMIAN。YISHICAIYONGTAXINGHUORENZIXINGQIANYINJIA,JIANGGENGXINZHIQIANYINXIEXIANGSHANGSHENGZHANG,YOUYUDINGDUANYOUSHICUNZAI。ERSHIDUIMEIYOUSHISHIQIANYINJIASHUXING,SUOMENGFACEZHIRENQISHENGZHANG(DANYAOBAOCHILIANGHAOTONGFENGTOUGUANG),DONGJIANSHIDUICEZHILIU4~5YAJIANTOU,SHISHI“YIZHIDANGYA”XIUJIAN。

微信图片_20171108122108.jpg


 6.SHISHI“YIGANLIANGMAN”YUMAOXINGSHUXINGJIEGOUDUIZHUXINGJUYOUHEYAOQIU?


广东快乐十分走势图YIGANLIANGMANSHUXINGJIEGOUSHILAIZIXINXILANDESHUXINGMOSHI。XINXILANYIGANLIANGMANSHUXINGSHIZAIXIZHIQINGKUANGXIATUIXINGSHIYONGDE,SHUGUANZHITIAONENGCHONGFENZHANKAI,DUIJIAMIANKONGJIANKEZUIDAHUALIYONG,DAFUDUTIGAODANCHAN。ERGUONEISHIMIZHIHUOZHONGMIZHIZAIZHI,YINCI,YIBANERYAN,DAYUDENGYU2MIZHUJUKETUIXINGYIGANLIANGMANSHUXING,XIAOYU2MIZHUJUYICAIYONGYIGANYIMAN。GAOMIZAIZHIBUYICAIYONGYIGANLIANGMANSHUXING。

微信图片_20171108122112.jpg


 7.为什么要提倡一干两蔓树形留桩修剪?


YIGANLIANGMANSHUXINGZAIDONGJIANSHIDUIZHUMANSHANGHUOZHUMANZHOUWEIGENGXINQUYAOSHUCHUQIDUOYUDEXUWANGZHIHUOXIRUOZHICAIYONGSHUCHUSHILIU1~2cmGAODUANZHUANGXIUJIAN,MUDESHIWEILEBAOHUBEISHUCHUDEZHITIAOJIBUQIANFUYA(YINYA),YIBIANYIHOUMENGFAYOUXUYAOSHIKEYOUXIAOLIYONG;RUGUOBULIUZHUANGPINGJIAN,JIUHUIJIANGZHITIAOJIBUYINYAYIBINGJIANCHU,WANGWANGZAOCHENGZHUMANCHUXIAN“KONGDANG”NANYIJIEXUGENGXIN。YINCI,LIUZHUANGXIUJIANDUIYIGANLIANGMANSHUXINGGUIBIJIAERKONGXU,LIANXUJINXINGZHITIAOGENGXINYIYIGENGDA。

微信图片_20171108122115.jpg


 8、“YIGANLIANGMAN”SHUXINGDANGNIANZHUMANXIANGLINLIANGSHUJIAOJIERUHECHULI?


广东快乐十分走势图ZAISHENGCHANSHANGCHANGCHANGYUDAOXIANGLINLIANGSHUJIAOJIEHOU,DAJIAKUNHUOBUZHIRUHECHULI。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGZHUYAOGENJUSHUSHIJUEDING,QIANGWANGSHUSHIKEJIANGJIAOJIEHOUDEZHUMANYANZHANGZHIZAIJIAOJIECHUBANGFUCHENGJIUSHIDUDAWAN,JIANGDAWANHOUZHUMANYANZHANGZHIDANGZUOJIEGUOMUZHIPEIYANG,JIAOJIEDELINGYIZHUZHUMANYANZHANGZHICHAOXIANGFANDEFANGXIANGJINXINGJIUSHIDUDAWANBANGFUCHULI。DUIYUZHONGDENGPIANRUOSHUZHUMANYANZHANGZHIKEZHIJIEZAIZHUMANJIAOJIECHUZHAIXINJIKE,JINXINGQUBIEDUIDAI,LINGHUOCHULI。



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